Central Dental Family - Dentist showing their patient an example of dental implants

Dental Implant Procedure Steps

Dental Implant Procedure Steps

Dental implants have revolutionized dental care, offering a permanent solution for missing teeth. They provide natural-looking results and restore oral function, boosting confidence and overall well-being. Understanding the procedure’s steps is crucial for individuals considering dental implants as a tooth replacement option.

Preparation for Surgery

Before undergoing dental implant surgery, thorough preparation is essential. This includes consultations with dental professionals specializing in implants, comprehensive examinations, and diagnostic tests like X-rays. These steps ensure that patients are well-informed and suitable candidates for the procedure, leading to successful outcomes.

Consultation with Dentist

The initial consultation with a dentist is a pivotal step in the dental implant process. During this appointment, patients can discuss their dental concerns, treatment goals, and expectations. The dentist evaluates the patient’s oral health, discusses available treatment options, and develops a personalized treatment plan tailored to the individual’s needs.

Dental Examination

A comprehensive dental examination is conducted to assess the patient’s oral health and suitability for dental implants. This involves evaluating the condition of the teeth, gums, and jawbone. X-rays and CT scans may be taken to obtain detailed images of the oral structures, aiding in treatment planning and implant placement.

Implant Placement Process

The implant placement process is a meticulous procedure that involves several steps to ensure the successful integration of the implant with the jawbone. This includes administering local anesthesia to numb the surgical site, making a small incision in the gum tissue, and carefully inserting the implant into the jawbone. Once in place, the incision is closed, initiating the healing process.

Anesthesia Administration

Local anesthesia is administered before the implant placement procedure to ensure patient comfort and minimize discomfort. This numbs the surgical area, preventing pain during the procedure while allowing the patient to remain awake and responsive. The use of local anesthesia also reduces the need for general anesthesia, resulting in a quicker recovery time.

Incision in the Gum

During the implant placement procedure, a small incision is made in the gum tissue to expose the underlying jawbone. This provides the dentist with access to the surgical site for precise implant placement. The incision is carefully made to minimize trauma to the surrounding tissues and promote optimal healing.

Once the incision is made, the dentist drills a small hole into the jawbone and carefully inserts the dental implant. The implant serves as a replacement for the natural tooth root and is designed to integrate with the surrounding bone tissue over time. This provides a stable foundation for the final restoration.

Closure of the Incision

After the implant is securely placed in the jawbone, the incision in the gum tissue is closed with sutures. This step is essential for promoting proper healing and tissue growth around the implant. The sutures may be dissolvable or require removal during a follow-up appointment, depending on the dentist’s preference.

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Osseointegration Phase

The osseointegration phase is a critical stage in the dental implant process where the implant fuses with the surrounding bone tissue. This process occurs over several months as bone cells grow and adhere to the surface of the implant, anchoring it firmly in place. Osseointegration is essential for the long-term success and stability of the dental implant.

Healing and Bone Growth

During the osseointegration phase, the implant undergoes gradual healing and bone growth, becoming firmly integrated with the jawbone. This process is facilitated by the body’s natural healing response, which stimulates bone cells to proliferate and adhere to the implant surface. As osseointegration progresses, the implant becomes increasingly stable and capable of supporting a prosthetic tooth.

Temporary Prosthesis

In some cases, a temporary prosthesis may be placed on the implant during the osseointegration phase. This temporary restoration helps maintain aesthetics and function while the implant heals and integrates with the surrounding bone tissue. Once osseointegration is complete, the temporary prosthesis is replaced with a permanent crown or bridge.

Placement of Permanent Crown

The placement of the permanent crown is the final step in the dental implant process, completing the restoration of the missing tooth. This involves attaching an abutment to the implant, taking impressions of the abutment and surrounding teeth, and fabricating a custom-made crown that matches the patient’s natural teeth in size, shape, and color.

Abutment Attachment

An abutment is securely attached to the implant to serve as a connector for the final restoration. The abutment acts as a support structure for the crown or bridge, providing stability and retention. It is carefully selected and positioned to ensure optimal aesthetics and function of the implant restoration.

Impression Making

Impressions of the abutment and surrounding teeth are taken to create a customized crown or bridge that fits seamlessly with the patient’s natural dentition. These impressions capture the precise dimensions and contours of the abutment, allowing for the fabrication of a restoration that blends harmoniously with the surrounding teeth.

Customization of Crown

The crown or bridge is meticulously fabricated to match the shape, size, and color of the patient’s natural teeth. This customization ensures that the implant restoration blends seamlessly with the rest of the smile, providing a lifelike appearance. The crown is designed to restore function and aesthetics, allowing patients to enjoy a natural-looking smile.

Final Placement

Once the crown or bridge is fabricated, it is securely attached to the abutment, completing the dental implant restoration process. The final restoration is checked for fit, comfort, and aesthetics before being permanently cemented or screwed into place. With the restoration in position, patients can enjoy restored oral function and a confident smile.

Aftercare and Recovery

Proper aftercare and adherence to post-operative instructions are crucial for ensuring successful healing and long-term stability of the dental implant. This includes managing pain and discomfort, following dietary restrictions, and maintaining good oral hygiene practices. Patients should attend regular follow-up appointments to monitor the healing process and address any concerns.

Pain Management

Following dental implant surgery, some discomfort and swelling are normal and can be managed with prescribed pain medication. Over-the-counter pain relievers may also be recommended to alleviate discomfort. Patients should follow the dentist’s instructions for medication use and contact their dental provider if pain persists or worsens.

Dietary Restrictions

To promote healing and minimize the risk of complications, patients are advised to follow dietary restrictions following dental implant surgery. Soft foods that require minimal chewing, such as soups, yogurt, and mashed potatoes, are recommended initially. Avoiding hard, crunchy, or sticky foods can prevent irritation to the surgical site and facilitate proper healing.

Oral Hygiene Practices

Maintaining good oral hygiene is essential for the long-term success of dental implants. Patients should brush their teeth twice daily with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Flossing should be performed at least once a day to remove plaque and food debris from between the teeth and around the implant. Regular dental check-ups and professional cleanings are also important for monitoring the health of the implant and surrounding tissues.

Benefits of Dental Implants

Dental implants offer numerous benefits compared to traditional tooth replacement options, such as dentures and bridges. They provide a permanent solution for missing teeth, restoring oral function and aesthetics. Dental implants also help preserve bone density and prevent the shifting of adjacent teeth, improving overall oral health and well-being.

Risks and Complications

Although dental implant surgery is considered safe and effective, it carries some risks and potential complications. These may include infection, nerve damage, implant failure, and allergic reactions to implant materials. However, with proper planning, skilled surgical technique, and diligent post-operative care, the risk of complications can be minimized, and successful outcomes can be achieved.

Cost of Dental Implants

The cost of dental implants can vary depending on several factors, including the number of implants needed, the complexity of the case, and the geographical location of the dental practice. Additional procedures such as bone grafting or sinus augmentation may also affect the overall cost. While dental implants may have a higher initial cost compared to other tooth replacement options, they offer long-term benefits and value in terms of durability, functionality, and aesthetics.


In conclusion, dental implant surgery is a highly effective and reliable solution for replacing missing teeth. By understanding the steps involved in the procedure and adhering to post-operative care instructions, patients can achieve restored oral function and aesthetics. With proper maintenance and regular dental check-ups, dental implants can provide a permanent and natural-looking solution for tooth loss, enhancing quality of life and overall well-being.


Dental implant surgery is performed under local anesthesia to minimize discomfort during the procedure. While some discomfort may be experienced during the initial healing period, it can be managed with prescribed pain medication.

The entire dental implant process typically takes several months to complete, including the healing and osseointegration phase. However, the duration may vary depending on individual factors such as oral health and treatment complexity.

While most individuals with good oral health and sufficient bone density are suitable candidates for dental implants, certain medical conditions or lifestyle factors may affect eligibility. Consulting with a qualified dentist is essential to determine candidacy for dental implant surgery.

With proper care and maintenance, dental implants can last a lifetime, making them a cost-effective long-term solution for tooth replacement. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene practices are essential for preserving the longevity of dental implants.

Dental implant surgery has a high success rate, with studies reporting success rates of over 95% in healthy individuals. However, individual factors such as oral hygiene, systemic health, and bone quality can influence the success and longevity of dental implants

At Central Dental Family Dentistry in downtown Edmonton, we are dedicated to providing comprehensive dental care tailored to the unique needs of each patient. Our experienced team is committed to excellence in dentistry, offering a wide range of services, including preventive care, restorative treatments, and cosmetic dentistry. We prioritize patient comfort and satisfaction, striving to create a welcoming and relaxing environment for everyone who walks through our doors. Whether you require routine dental check-ups or more complex procedures, you can trust our team to deliver compassionate care and exceptional results. Schedule an appointment with us today and experience the difference our personalized approach to dentistry can make for your smile and oral health.

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